Pippa Norris Published Articles, Chapters and Conference papers (full text pdf versions)
Pippa Norris Articles www.pippanorris.com

John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University

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Full text versions in Adobe Acrobat pdf format are available for most recent publications organized into the categories below in reverse chronological order.

Journal articles

Book chapters

Conference papers

Journal articles



1) 2008. ‘Getting the Message Out: A two-step model of the role of the Internet in campaign communication flows during the 2005 British General Election.’ Pippa Norris and John Curtice. The Journal of Information Technology and Politics.

2)  2006. ‘The impact of electoral reform on women's representation.’ Special issue of Acta Politica 41: 197-213.

3)  2006. ‘Modernization and gender’ With Ron Inglehart. Politics and Gender 1(3).

4)  2006. ‘If you build a political website, will they come? The Internet and political activism in Britain.’ (with John Curtice) International Journal of Electronic Government Research. 2(2): 1-21.

5) 2006. ‘God, guns and gays: The supply and demand for religion in the US and Western Europe.’ Pippa Norris and Ronald Inglehart. Public Policy Research 12(4): 223-233.

6) 2006. ‘Did the media matter? Agenda-setting, persuasion and mobilization effects in the 2005 British general election.’ British Politics 1(2): 195-221.

7) 2005. ‘Whether the campaign matters and how.’ Christopher Wlezien and Pippa Norris. Parliamentary Affairs 45(3):214-231.

8) 2005. ‘The third Blair victory: How and why?’ Pippa Norris and Christopher Wlezien. Parliamentary Affairs 45(3):1-27.

9) 2005. ‘The impact of the Internet on political activism: Evidence from Europe.’ International Journal of Electronic Government Research. 1(1): 20-39.

10) 2005. 'The impact of political advertising in the 2001 UK general election.’ David Sanders and Pippa Norris. Political Research Quarterly. 58(4): 525-536.

11) 2005. ‘Electoral reform and fragmented multipartyism.’ (Published in Russian) Oňkymeha 3: 71-105.

12)  2005. ‘A tese da "nova clivagem" e a base social do apoio à direita radical.’ (The ‘new cleavage’ thesis and the social basis of radical right support’ published in Portuguese.) Opinião Pública 11(1): 1-32.

13) 2004. ‘Why parties fail to learn: Electoral defeat, selective perception and British party politics.’ Pippa Norris and Joni Lovenduski. Party Politics 10(1): 85-104.

14) 2004. ‘Who demonstrates? Anti-state rebels, conventional participants, or everyone?’ Pippa Norris, Stefaan Walgrave, and Peter Van Aelst. Comparative Politics 37(2):189-206.

15) 2004. ‘Sacred and secular: Praying together, staying together?’ Pippa Norris and Ronald Inglehart. International Journal of Not-for-Profit Law

16) 2004. ‘Comment: Does PR promote political extremism, redux..’ Representation 40(3).

17) 2004. ‘A Seat at the Table: How to elect women to Iraq’s new government.’ Compass: A Journal of Leadership. 1(2): 6-8.

18) 2004. (Reprinted in Spanish) ‘The True Clash of Civilizations?’ Ronald Inglehart and Pippa Norris. Spanish edition of Foreign Policy. March/April

19) 2003. Ronald Inglehart, Pippa Norris and Christian Welzel. ‘Gender equality and democracy.’ Comparative Sociology. 1(3-4): 321-346.

20) 2003. ‘‘Zappers in de politiek? De invloed van  de media op verkiezingscampagnes.’’ In Ethische Perspectieven 12(2): 86-102. 

21)2003. ‘Westminster Women: The Politics of Presence.’ With Joni Lovenduski. Political Studies 51 (1): 84-102.

22)2003. ‘Tuned out voters? Media Impact on Campaigns..’ In Ethical Perspectives 9(3).

23) 2003. ‘The True Clash of Civilizations?’ Ronald Inglehart and Pippa Norris. Foreign Policy. March/April: 63-70.

24)  2003. ‘Preaching to the Converted? Pluralism, Participation and Party Websites Party Politics. 9(1):21-45.

25) 2003. ‘Muslims and the West: Testing the ‘Clash of Civilizations’ Thesis.’ Pippa Norris and Ronald Inglehart. Comparative Sociology. 1 (3-4): 235-265.

26) 2003. ‘Message or Medium? Campaign learning during the 2001 British general election.’ Political Communication. 20(3): 233-262.

27) 2003. ‘Le Divorce: Who is to blame for the transatlantic rift?Compass: A Journal of Leadership. Fall. 1(1): 22-25.

28) 2003. ‘’ (‘Social Capital and ICTs: Widening or reinforcing social networks?’)) Eco-Forum 22(1): 31-41.

29) 2002. ‘The Twilight of Westminster? Electoral Reform and its Consequences Political Studies. 49:877-900.

30)  2002. ‘The Bridging and Bonding Role of Online Communities..’ The Harvard International Journal of Press-Politics. 7(3): 3-8.

31)  2002. ‘Social Capital and the News Media..’ The Harvard International Journal of Press-Politics. 7(2): 3-8.

32)2001. ‘US Campaign 2000: Of Pregnant Chads, Butterfly Ballots and Partisan Vitriol.’ Government and Opposition. January 35(2): 1-24.

33) 2001. ‘Back to Chicken Entrails? Problems of Opinion Polls in US Campaign 2000..’ The Harvard International Journal of Press/Politics. January. 6(1).

34) 2001. ‘To entertain, inform and educate: Still the Role of Public Television in the 1990s?’ With Christina Holtz-Bacha. Political Communications 18(2). (Winner of the ICA Political Communication section award for the best paper of 2001).

35) 2001. ‘Cultural Obstacles to Equal Representation.’ With Ronald Inglehart. Journal of Democracy. 12(3): 126-140.

36) 2001. ‘Back to Chicken Entrails? Problems of Opinion Polls in US Campaign 2000. Representation 38(2): 106-114.

37) 2001. ‘Apathetic Landslide: The 2001 British General Election.’ Parliamentary Affairs. 54(4).

38) 2001. ‘Angyali Kör? A Politikai Kommunikáció Hatása a Postindusztriális Demokráciákra.’ Mediakutato. 4:6-22. (In Hungarian)

39) 2001. ‘All Spin and No Substance? The 2001 British General Election.’ The Harvard International Journal of Press-Politics. 6(4): 3-10

40) 2001. ‘¿Un circulo virtuoso? El impacto de las comunicaciones politicas en las democracies post-industriales.’ Revista Espanola de Ciencia Politica. 4(1): 7-33.

41) 2000. ‘Information Poverty and the Wired World.’ Editorial. The Harvard International Journal of Press-Politics. 5(3): 1-6.

42) 2000 ‘The Developmental Theory of the Gender Gap: Women and Men’s Voting Behavior in Global Perspective.’ With Ronald Inglehart. International Political Science Review special issue on Women and Representation. 21(4): 441-462.

43) 1999. ‘The Emergent Internet Age in Europe: A New North-South Divide?’ Editorial. The Harvard International Journal of Press-Politics. 5(1): 1-12.

44)1999. ‘Cosmopolitan Citizens?’ Editorial The Harvard International Journal of Press-Politics. 4(4): 1-7.

45) 1999 ‘Sex, Lies and Videotape.’ Editorial. The Harvard International Journal of Press-Politics. 4(1): 1-4.

46) 1998 ‘What do we Know and When do we Know it?’ Editorial. The Harvard International Journal of Press-Politics. 3(3): 1-5.

47) 1998 ‘Virtual Democracy.’ Editorial with David Jones. The Harvard International Journal of Press-Politics. 3(2): 1-4.

48) 1998 ‘Political Elites and Constitutional Change.’ Scottish Affairs: 93-109.     

49)1997 ‘We're All Green Now: Public Opinion and Environmentalism in Britain. Government and Opposition 32(3): 320-339.     

50) 1997 ‘Towards a More Cosmopolitan Political Science?’ European Journal of Political Research 30(1): 17-34.      

51)1997 ‘The Puzzle of Constituency Service.’ The Journal of Legislative Studies 3(2): 29-49.

52) 1997 ‘Social Representation in the European Parliament.’ With Mark Franklin. European Journal of Political Research 32(2): 185-210.

53) 1997 ‘Second-Order Elections Revisited.’ European Journal of Political Research 30(1): 109-114.

54)   1997 ‘Representation and the Democratic Deficit.European Journal of Political Research 32(2): 273-282.

55)1997 ‘Political Representation in the European Parliament.’ With Michael Marsh. European Journal of Political Research 32(2): 153-164.    

56) 1997 ‘Choosing Electoral Systems.International Political Science Review 18(3): 297-312.      

57)   1997 ‘‘Anatomy of a Labour Landslide..’ Parliamentary Affairs 50(4): 509-532.    

58) 1997 ‘A Critical Election? Understanding the Outcome of the Next Election.’ Politics Review 6(4): 2-6.    

59) 1996 ‘Women Politicians: Transforming Westminster?’ Parliamentary Affairs 49(1): 89-102.

60) 1996 ‘The Restless Searchlight: Network News Framing of the Post Cold-War World. Political Communication 12(4): 357-370.  

61) 1996 ‘The Nolan Report: Financial Interests and Constituency Service’ Government and Opposition 31(4): 441-448. 

62) 1996 ‘Mobilizing the Women's Vote: The Gender-Generation Gap in Voting Behaviour.’ Parliamentary Affairs 49(2):  333-342.

63)  1996 ‘Did Television Erode Social Capital?  A Reply to Putnam’ PS:  Political Science and Politics. XXIX (3) September: 474-480.

64) 1996 ‘Conservatism in Disarray?’ The Brown Journal of World Affairs III(1) Winter-Spring 163-169.

65)1995 ‘The Politics of Electoral Reform in Britain.’ International Political Science Review Special Issue on Electoral Reform (plus Introduction) 16(1): 65-78.       

66) 1995 ‘The Nolan Committee: Private Gain and Public Service.’  Parliamentary Brief 3(6): 40-42.

67)  1995 ‘May's Law of Curvilearity Revisited: Leaders, Officers, Members and Voters in British Political Parties.’ Party Politics 1(1): 29-47. 

68) 1994 ‘Labour and the Unions: After the Brighton Conference.’ With Joni Lovenduski. Government and Opposition Spring 29(2) pp.201-217.

69) 1994 ‘Did the British Marginals Vanish? Proportionality and Exaggeration in the British Electoral System Revisited.’ With Ivor Crewe. Electoral Studies 13 (3): 201-221.

70)  1994 ‘Battling for the Center Ground’ Parliamentary Brief 3(1): 106-108.

71) 1993 ‘The Reputation of Political Science Journals: Pluralist and Consensus Views.’ Political Studies. With Ivor Crewe. XLI (1): 5-23.

72)    1993 ‘The 1992 US Elections: Continuity and Change.’  Government and Opposition Winter 28(1): 51-68.

73)1993 ‘Slow Progress for Women MPs.’ Parliamentary Brief 2 (4):67-68.

74) 1993 ‘'If only more candidates came forward…'Supply-side Explanations of Candidate Selection in Britain.’’ With Joni Lovenduski. British Journal of Political Science. 23: 373-408.

75)1992 ‘The 1992 US Primaries: If it Ain't Broke Don't Fix it.’  Parliamentary Affairs July 45(3): 428-436.

76) 1992 ‘Do Candidates Make a Difference?  Gender, Race, Ideology and Incumbency.’ With Elizabeth Vallance and Joni Lovenduski. Parliamentary Affairs. October: 496-517.

77) 1992 ‘Change Plus Ca Change? Electoral Studies in the 1990s.’ Review article Parliamentary History 11(2): 293-299

78)  1991 ‘Traditional, Revised and Radical Models of Women's Political Participation in Britain.’ Government and Opposition. 26 (1): 56-74.

79) 1991 ‘The Rise (and Fall?) of Multi-Party By-election Politics’ Parliamentary Affairs June :298-310

80) 1991 ‘The 1990 Mid-term US Elections: Campaign and Results.’ Political Quarterly 62(4): 461-475.

81) 1991 ‘Reforming the Candidate Selection Process’ With Joni Lovenduski and Andrew Geddes. Contemporary Record 4.

82) 1991 ‘British and American Journal Evaluation: Divergence or Convergence?’  With Ivor Crewe. PS: Political Science & Politics XXIV (3): 524-531.

83)  1990 ‘Thatcher's Enterprise Society and Electoral Change.’ West European Politics. 13(1): 63-78.

84)1990 ‘Party Selectorates in Australia, Britain and Canada: Prolegomena for research in the 1990s.’  With Ken Carty, Lynda Erickson, Joni Lovenduski  and Marian Simms.  The Journal of Commonwealth and Comparative Politics, XXVIII (July): 219-245.

85) 1990 ‘Do By-elections Constitute Referenda? A Four-Country Comparison.’ With Frank Feigert. Legislative Studies Quarterly XV(2): 183-200.

86) 1990 ‘By-Elections: Their Importance for Britain?’ Contemporary Record 4(2): 19-20.

87) 1989 ‘Women Candidates for Parliament: Transforming the Agenda?’ With Joni Lovenduski.  British Journal of Political Science: 106-115.

88) 1989 ‘The 1988 Presidential Elections: The Reagan Legacy.’ Political Quarterly 60(2): 204-221.

89) 1989 ‘Selecting Women Candidates: Obstacles to the Feminization of the House of Commons.’ With Joni Lovenduski. European Journal of Political Research. 17: 533-562.   

90)  1989 ‘Pathways to Parliament’ With Joni Lovenduski. Talking Politics 1(3): 90-94.

91)1989 ‘Government and Third-Party Performance in Mid-Term By-elections:  The Canadian, British and Australian Experience.’ With Frank Feigert.  Electoral Studies 8(2): 117-130.

92) 1987 ‘Volatility in By-Elections’ Studies in Public Policy No.163 C.S.P.P, Strathclyde University, 1987.

93)  1987 ‘The 1987 British General Election: The Hidden Agenda.’  Teaching Politics, October: 311-324.

94) 1987 ‘Political Studies in the Eighties.’ With Hugh Berrington. Political Studies Association, 1987.

95)  1987 ‘Four Weeks of Sounds and Fury...The 1987 British Election Campaign.’ Parliamentary Affairs 40(4):458-467.

96) 1987 ‘1986 US Elections: National Issues or Pluralistic Diversity.’ Political Quarterly 58(2): 194-201.

97)  1987   ‘Retrospective Voting in the 1984 Presidential Election: Peace, Prosperity and Patriotism.’ Political Studies XXXV: 289-300.

98)1986 ‘Conservative Attitudes in Recent British Elections: An Emerging Gender Gap?’ Political Studies XXXIV: 18-26.

99)1985 ‘Women in European Legislative Elites.’ West European Politics 8(4): 90-101.

100) 1985 ‘The Gender Gap: America and Britain.’ Parliamentary Affairs 38(2): 192-201.

101)  1984 ‘Women in Poverty: Britain and America.’ Social Policy. Spring.

102)  ‘Women in Congress: A Policy Difference?’  Politics 6 (1): 34-40.

103)  ‘Reagan and the Young: A Realignment?’  Youth & Policy 12:10-13.

104)  ‘John Stuart Mill versus Bigotry, Bribery and Beer.’ Corruption and Reform 1(2): 79-100.

105)   ‘Democratic Consensus and the Young: A Cross National Comparison of Britain and America.’ With Wendy Ranade. Journal of Adolescence 7:45-57; Also Youth and Society 15(4): 429-443.



Book Chapters

1)       2009. ‘Political communication under authoritarian regimes.’ The Sage Handbook of Political Communications. Eds. Holli Semetko and Margaret Scammel. London: Sage.

2)      2009. ‘Going global: New challenges and opportunities in research on democratic participation and the civic culture.’ Feischrift for Sidney Verba. Eds. Henry Brady, Kay Schlozman and Gary King.

3)       2008. ‘The globalization of comparative public opinion research.’ In the Sage Handbook of Comparative Politics Eds. Neil Robinson and Todd Landman. London: Sage.

4)       2008. ‘Gender and religion.Religion and International Affairs. Eds. Timothy Shah, Alf Stephan and Monica Toft. Social Science Research Council.

5)       2009. 'Christian conservatism in global perspective: US exceptionalism (again)?' Chapter 3 for Christian Conservatives and American Democracy Edited by Steven Brint and Jean Reith Schroedel. New York: Russell Sage.

6)       2008. ‘Max Weber and the Protestant Ethic revisited.’ With Ronald Inglehart. In Handbook of Economics and Ethics. Eds. Jan Peil and Irene van Staveren. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar, 2008.

7)       2008. ‘Confidence in the United Nations: Cosmopolitan and nationalistic attitudes.’ In The Global System, Democracy and Values. Ed. Yilmaz Esmer  and Thorleif Pettersson. Uppsala: Uppsala University Press.

8)       2008. ‘Islamic Culture and Democracy: Testing the 'Clash of Civilizations' Thesis.’ With Ronald Inglehart. In New Frontiers of Comparative Sociology. Edited by Masamichi Sasaki. Leiden/Boston: Brill Academic Publishers.

9)       2007. ‘Uneven secularization in the United States and Western Europe.’ (with Ronald Inglehart). In The New Religious Pluralism and Democracy. Ed. Thomas Banchoff. New York: Oxford University Press. Pp.31-58.

10)   2007. ‘Political activism: New challenges, new opportunities.The Oxford Handbook of Comparative Politics. Edited by Carles Boix and Susan Stokes. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Pp.628-652.

11)   2007. ‘Opening the door: Women leaders and constitution-building in Iraq and Afghanistan.’ In Women Who Lead Ed. Barbara Kellerman. New York: Jossey Bass. Pp.197-226.

13)   2007. ‘Isolates or Socialites? The social ties of internet users.’ John Curtice and Pippa Norris. In British Social Attitudes Ed. Alison Park. London: Sage. Pp.59-84.

14)   2007. ‘Gender and political behavior: Sex-role socialization or gendered institutions?’ In The Oxford Handbook of Political Behavior, eds. Russell Dalton and Hans-Deiter Klingemann. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

15)   2007. ‘Continental divide: Social capital in the US and Europe.’ Pippa Norris and James Davis. In Roger Jowell, C. Roberts, R. Fitzgerald and G. Eva (eds.) Measuring attitudes cross-nationally: Lessons from the European Social Survey. London: Sage. Pp.239-265.

16)   2007. ‘A Virtuous Circle: Political Communications in Postindustrial Societies.’ Reprinted in Readings in Political Communication. PA: Strata Publishing, Inc. Pp.137-161.

17)   2007. ‘Why religion didn’t disappear: Reexamining the secularization thesis.’ Ronald Inglehart and Pippa Norris. In The Culture and Globalization Series 1: Conflicts and Tensions. Ed. Helmut Anheier and Yudhishthir Raj Isar. London: Sage Publications. Pp.253-258.

18)   2007. ‘Skeptical patients: Performance, Social Capital and Culture.’ In The Trust Crisis in Healthcare; Causes, Consequences and Cures.  Ed. David A. Shore. New York: Oxford University Press. Pp.32-48.

19)   2006. ‘Recruitment.’ For the Handbook on Political Parties edited by Richard S. Katz and William Crotty. London: Sage Publications. Pp. 89-108.

20)   2006. ‘Political engagement.’ Extract from Democratic Phoenix and ‘Tabloidization, video malaise and cynicism’ from A Virtuous Circle reprinted in Reader in Political Communications Ed. Ralph Negrine and Jeff Stanyer. Routledge/Taylor and Francis.

21)   2006. ‘Kulturelle Barrieren bei der Erlangung gleichberechtigter Repraesentation.’ (German version of Cultural Obstacles to Equal  Representation.) With Ronald Inglehart). In Demokratisches Regieren und politische Kultur. Post-staatlich, post-parlamentarisch, post-patriarchal? Eds. Kathrin Ruhl, Jan Schneider, Jutta Traeger und Claudia Wiesner. Muenster: LIT.

22)   2006. ‘Gender and social capital.’ In Dario Castiglione, Jan van Deth and Guglielmo Wolleb (eds) The Oxford Handbook of Social Capital. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

23)   2006. ‘Does Protest Signify Disaffection?  Demonstrators in a Postindustrial Democracy.’ Pippa Norris, Stefaan Walgrave and Peter van Aelst. In Mariano Torcal and Jose Ramón Montero, eds., Political Disaffection in Contemporary Democracies. Social Capital, Institutions and Politics. Pp. 279-307. London: Routledge.

24)   2006. ‘Die Überzeugten überzeugen? Pluralismus, Partizipation und Parteien im Internet.’ In Regieren und Kommunikation (Government and Communication) Edited by Klaus Kamps and Jörg-Uwe Nieland. Koln: Herbert von Halem Verlag. Pp261-284.

25)   2006. ‘Ballot structures and legislative behavior’ In Exporting Congress. Edited by Timothy Powers and Nicol Rae. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press. Pp.157-184.

26)   2005. 'Gendering social capital: Bowling in women’s leagues?' (With Ronald Inglehart). In Gender and Social Capital Ed. Brenda O'Neill. New York: Routledge. Pp73-98.

27)   2005. ‘Women as political leaders worldwide: Cultural barriers and opportunities.’ (With Ronald Inglehart). In Sue Thomas and Clive Wilcox (Eds) Women in Elected Office 2nd Ed. New York: Oxford University Press.

28)   2005. ‘It’s the women, stupid.’ Pippa Norris and Ronald Inglehart. In Women’s Rights. Ed. Jennifer Curry. New York: H. W. Wilson Co.

29)   2005. ‘E-voting as the magic bullet for European parliamentary elections?’ In The European Union and E-voting Ed. Alexander Trechsel and Fernando Mendez. London: Routledge. Pp.60-91.

30)   2005. ‘Elections and Public Opinion.’ In The Blair Effect II 2001-5 Edited by Dennis Kavanagh and Anthony Seldon. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp.43-67.

31)   2005. ‘Digital divide: Civic engagement, information poverty, and the internet worldwide.’ Pp77-92. Reprinted in Intersecting Inequalities: Class, Race, Sex and Sexuality. Prentice Hall/Pearson Education.

32)   2004. ‘Will new technology boost turnout?’ In Electronic Voting and Democracy: A Comparative Analysis. Edited by Norbert Kersting and Harald Baldersheim. London: Palgrave. Pp.193-225.

33)   2004. ‘The Internet and Politics: Emerging Perspectives.’ Doris A. Graber, Bruce Bimber, W. Lance Bennett, Richard Davis and Pippa Norris. In Academy & the Internet. Eds. Helen Nissenbaum and Monroe E. Price. New York: Peter Lang. pp.90-119.

34)   2004. ‘Preaching to the converted? Pluralism, participation and party websites.’ In e-democracia: Retos y Oportunidas papa el Fortalecimientode la Participatión Ciudadana y la Democracia en la Sociedad de la Informacion. Eds. José I Porras y Rubén Araya. Santiago, Chile: Universidad Bolivariana.

35)   2004. ‘Global political communication.’ In Comparing Political Communication: Theories, Cases and Challenges. Eds. Frank Esser and Barbara Pfetsch. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Pp115-150.

36)   2004. ‘e-politics? The impact of  the Internet on political trust and participation.’ John Curtice and Pippa Norris. In British Social Attitudes, The 21st Report. Ed. Alison Park. London: Sage. Pp99-116.

37)   2003.’Globale politische Kommunikation: Freie Medien, Gutes Regieren und Wohlstandsentwicklung.’ In Politische Kommunikation Im Internationalen Vergleich. Hrsg. Frank Esser and Barbara Pfetsch. Germany: Westdeutscher Verlag.

38)   2003. ‘The Worldwide Digital Divide: Information Poverty, the Internet and Development.’ In I mercati elettronici hanno reali prospettive? Ed. Ettore Bolisani. Milan: Franco Angeli.

39)   2003. ‘The bridging and bonding role of online communities.’ In Society Online: The Internet in Context Eds. Philip N. Howard and Steve Jones. Thousand Oaks, CA:Sage.

40)   2003. ‘Teoria rozwojowa rőznic między płciami: zachowania wyborcze kobiet I mężczyzn w ujęciu globalnym.’ (With Ronald Inglehart). In Aktorzy zycia publicznego: Płeć jako czynnik rŏżnicyjący ed. Renata Siemienska. Warsaw: Scholar Press.

41)   2003. ‘Still a public service ethos? Work values, experience and job satisfaction among government workers.’ In For the People: Public Service in the 21st Century. Edited by Joseph S. Nye and John Donahue. Washington DC: Brookings Institution Press.

42)   2003. ‘Representation and the democratic deficit.’ In The Democracy Sourcebook. Ed. Robert A. Dahl, Ian Shapiro and Jose Antonio Cheibub. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.

43)   2003. ‘Il divario digitale globale: poverta informative, Internet e sviluppo.’ In Quale Futuro Per Il Commercio Electtronico? Edited by Giorgio Gottardi and Ettore Bolisani. Milan: Franco Angeli.

44)   2003. ‘Global governance and cosmopolitan citizens.’ Reprinted in The Global Transformations Reader. 2nd Edition. Edited by David Held and Anthony McGrew. Cambridge, Polity Press.

45)   2003. ‘Do institutions matter? The consequences of electoral reform for political participation.’ In Rethinking the Vote Eds. Ann N. Crigler, Marion R. Just, and Edward J. McCaffery. Oxford University Press.

46)   2003. ‘Digital divide.’ In The Information Society Reader. Ed Frank Webster. London: Routledge.

47)   2002. ‘Un circolo virtuoso? L’impatto di partiti e mezzi di informazione sulla partecipazione politica nelle campagne postmoderne.’ In Il circuito politico-mediale. Ed. Angelo Mellone. Rome:  Rubbettino editore.

48)   2002. ‘The Gender Gap: Theoretical Frameworks and New Approaches.’ In Women and American Politics: New Questions, New Directions, edited by Susan Carroll. New York: Oxford University Press. 

49)   2002. ‘Political Communications.’ In Comparing Democracies 2: New Challenges in the Study of Elections and Voting. Eds. Lawrence LeDuc, Richard Niemi and Pippa Norris. London: Sage.

50)   2002. ‘La Participacion Ciudadana: Mexico Desde Una Perspectiva Comparativa.’ In Deconstruyendo la ciusasanía: Advances y retos en el desarrollo de la cultura democrática en Mexico. Mexico: Instituto Federal Electoral.

51)   2002. ‘Gender and Contemporary British Politics.’ In British Politics Today. Edited by Colin Hay. Cambridge: Polity Press Pp38-59. 

52)   2002. ‘Do Campaigns Matter for Civic Engagement? US Elections 1952-2000. Do Political Campaigns Matter? Eds. David Farrell and Rudiger Schmitt-Beck. London: Routledge.

53)   2002 ‘Ballots not Bullets: Electoral Systems, Ethnic Minorities and Democratization.’ Chapter 8. In The Architecture of Democracy. Edited by Andrew Reynolds and Scott Mainwaring. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 

54)   2001. ‘Women’s Power at the Ballot Box.’ For Voter Turnout from 1945 to 2000: A Global Report on Political Participation. 3rd Edition. International IDEA: Stockholm.

55)   2001. ‘Who Surfs? New Technology, Old Voters and Virtual Democracy in US Elections 1992-2000.’ Revised edition. Governance.com Ed. Elaine Kamarck and Joseph S. Nye Jr. Washington, DC: Brookings Institute.

56)   2001. ‘The Social Background of MPs.’ In The Contemporary British Society Reader edited by Nick Abercrombie and Alan Warde. Cambridge: Polity Press. Pp.262-270.

57)   2001. ‘The Accidental President: Fuzzy Math, Florida Lawsuits and Campaign 2000’ In the British Elections and Parties Review. Eds. Jonathan Tonge, Lynn Bennie, David Denver and Lisa Harrison. London: Frank Cass. Pp174-191.

58)   2001. ‘Political Communication: Technological Diffusion and Democracy’. International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences. Oxford: Pergamon /Elsevier Science.

59)   2001. ‘Global Governance and Cosmopolitan Citizens.’ In Governance in a Globalizing World. Eds. Joseph S. Nye and John Donahue. Washington DC: Brookings Institution Press. Pp.155-177.

60)   2001. ‘Echar la culpa al mensajero? Los nuevos medios de comunicacion y la desafeccion politica en las democracies europeas.’ In Construccion de Europa, Democracia y Globalizacion. Ed Ramon Maiz. Universidade de Santiago de Compostela.

61)   2001. ‘A Virtuous Circle? The Impact of Political Communications in Post-Industrial Democracies.’ In Challenges to Democracy.  Ed Keith Dowding, James Hughes and Helen Margetts. London: Palgrave Publishers. Pp.100-117.

62)   2001 ‘The News Media and Democracy.’ In Political Communications Transformed: From Morrison to Mandelson. Edited by John Bartle and Dylan Griffiths. Basingstoke: Palgrave Publishers. Pp. 163-180.

63)   2001 ‘New Labour and Public Opinion: The Third Way as Centrism?’ Chapter 3. In New Labour: The Progressive Future? Edited by Stuart White. London: Macmillan P.32-44.

64)   2001 ‘Confidence in Australia’s Democracy.’ In Elections: Full, Free and Fair. Edited by Marian Sawer. Sydney: The Federation Press. Pp. 202-215.

65)   2001 ‘Breaking the Barriers: British Labour Party Quotas for Women’ In Has Liberalism Failed Women? Assuring Equal Representation in Europe and the United States. Eds. Jyette Klausen and Charles S. Maier.  NY: Palgrave.  Pp.89-110.

66)   2000. ‘Schlussfolgerung: Ein Vergleich parlamentarisher Rekruitierung.’ In Feministische Perspektiven der Politikwissenschaft. Eds. Kathrun Braun, Gesine Fuchs, Christiane Lemke and Katrin Tons. Munich/Vienna: Oldenbourg.

67)   2000. ‘Mobilizing the Women’s Vote: The Gender-Generation Gap in Voting Behaviour.’ Reprinted. In Feminism and Politics, Volume 1. Edited by Joni Lovenduski. The International Library of Politics and Comparative Government. Hants: Ashgate.

68)   2000. ‘Comparing Electoral Systems.’ (Published in Japanese). In Democratic Viability in Politics edited by Jean Laponce and Bernard Saint-Jacques. Tokyo: Masahiro Iwasaki.

69)   2000. ‘Blaming the Messenger? Political Communications and Turnout in EU Elections.’  In Citizen Participation in European Politics. Demokratiutredningens skrift ne 32. Stockholm: Pressens Bild/ Statens Offentliga Utredningar: Pp.99-117.

70)   2000 ‘Women’s Representation and Electoral Systems.’ In The International Encyclopedia of Elections. Edited By Richard Rose. Washington, DC: CQ Press. Pp. 348-351.

71)   2000 ‘The Impact of Television on Civic Malaise.’ Chapter 10. In Disaffected Democracies: What’s Troubling the Trilateral Countries? Edited By Susan J. Pharr and Robert D. Putnam. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. Pp.231-251.

72)   2000 ‘Confidence in Public Institutions: Faith, Culture or Performance?’ With Kenneth Newton. In Disaffected Democracies: What’s Troubling the Trilateral Countries? Edited By Susan Pharr and Robert Putnam. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. Pp.52-73.

73)   1999. ‘Gender: A Gender-Generation Gap?’ In Critical Elections: British Parties and Voters in Long-term Perspective. Edited by Geoffrey Evans and Pippa Norris. London: Sage.

74)   1999 ‘Who Surfs? New Technology, Old Voters and Virtual Democracy.’ In democracy.com. Edited by Elaine C. Kamarck and Joseph S. Nye Jr. New Hampshire: Hollis. Pp. 71-94.

75)   1999 ‘The Political Regime.’ In Political Representation and Legitimacy in the European Union.  Edited by Jacques Thomassen and Hermann Schmitt. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Chapter 4. Pp.74-89.

76)   1999 ‘Recruitment into the European Parliament.’ In The European Parliament, the National Parliaments, and European Integration. Edited by Richard Katz and Bernhard Wessels. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Pp.86-104.

77)   1999 ‘Introduction: Understanding Electoral Change’ and ‘Conclusion: Was 1997 a Critical Election?’ In Critical Elections: British Parties and Voters in Long-term Perspective. Edited by Geoffrey Evans and Pippa Norris. London: Sage.

78)   1998. ‘New Labour, New Tactical Voting?’ With Geoffrey Evans and John Curtice. In British Elections and Parties Review. Edited by Charles Pattie et al. London: Frank Cass. Pp.65-79.

79)   1998 ‘Does Negative News Matter? The Effect of TV News on Party Images in the 1997 British Election.’ With David Sanders. In British Elections and Parties Review. Edited by Charles Pattie et al. London: Frank Cass. Pp.150-170.

80)   1997 ‘The Battle for the Campaign Agenda.’ In Britain at the Polls, 1997. Edited by Anthony King. Chatham, NJ: Chatham House. Pp.113-144.

81)   1997 ‘Political Communications.’ In Developments in British Politics, 5. Edited by Patrick Dunleavy et al. London: Macmillan. Pp.75-88.

82)   1997 ‘News of the World’ in Politics and the Press: The News Media and Its Influences. Edited by Pippa Norris. Boulder, CO: Lynne Reinner Press. Pp.275-290.

83)   1997 ‘Introduction: Theories of Recruitment’, ‘United Kingdom’, and ‘Conclusions: Comparing Passages to Power.’ In Passages to Power:  Legislative Recruitment in Advanced Democracies.  Edited by Pippa Norris. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

84)   1997 ‘Introduction: The Rise of Post-Modern Political Communications?’  In Politics and the Press: The News Media and Its Influences. Edited by Pippa Norris Boulder, CO: Lynne Reinner Press. Pp.1-17.

85)   1997 ‘Implicaciones  de  las  diferencias de  genero  en  el comportamiento  electoral.’ In Mujeres en Politica. Edited by Edurne Uriarte y  Arantxa Elizondo. Barcelona, Ariel.

86)   1997 ‘Equality Strategies in the UK.’ In Sex Equality Policy in Western Europe Edited by Frances Gardiner. London: Routledge. Pp.46-59.

87)   1997 ‘Anatomy of a Labour Landslide.’ In Britain Votes 1997. Edited by Pippa Norris and Neil Gavin. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Pp.1-24.

88)   1996 ‘Women Politicians: Transforming Westminster?’ In Women in Politics.  Edited by Joni Lovenduski and Pippa Norris.  Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp.91-104.

89)   1996 ‘Political Communications in British Election Campaigns:  Reconsidering Media Effects.’  In British Parties and Elections Yearbook, 1995 Edited by David Farrell et al. Frank Cass: London. Pp.125-138.

90)   1996 ‘Legislative Recruitment.’ In Comparing Democracies. Edited by Lawrence LeDuc, Richard Niemi, and Pippa Norris. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. Pp.184-216.

91)   1996 ‘Introduction’ and ‘A Splash of Color in the Photo Op: Women Leaders Worldwide.’ In Women, Media, and Politics. Edited by Pippa Norris. New York: Oxford University Press. Pp.149-165.

92)   1996 ‘Gender Realignment in Comparative Perspective.’ In The Paradox of Parties. Edited by Marian Simms.  Melbourne: Allen & Unwin. Pp.109-129.

93)   1994 ‘Women's Quotas in the Labour Party.’ In British Parties and Elections Yearbook, 1994. Edited by David Broughton et al. London: Frank Cass. pp.167-181.

94)   1994 ‘The Party and Women.’ With Joni Lovenduski and Catriona Levy. In The Conservative Century.  Edited by Anthony Seldon and Stuart Ball. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp.611-635.

95)   1994 ‘The 1992 Presidential Election: Voting Behavior and Legitimacy.’ In Developments in American Politics, 2. Edited by Gillean Peele et al. London: Macmillan. Pp.18-44.

96)   1994 ‘Labour Party Factionalism and Extremism.’ In Labour's Last Chance? The 1992 Election and Beyond. Edited by Anthony Heath et al. Aldershot, Dartmouth Press. Pp.173-190.

97)   1993 ‘The Recruitment of Parliamentary Candidates.’ With Joni Lovenduski.  In Britain's Changing Party System. Edited by Lynton Robbins, Hilary Blackmore, and Robert Pyper. Leicester: Leicester University Press. pp.125-146.

98)   1993 ‘The Gender-Generation Gap in British Elections.’  In British Parties and Elections Yearbook, 1993. Edited by David Denver, Pippa Norris, David  Broughton and Colin Rallings. Herts: Harvester Wheatsheaf. pp.129-142.

99)   1993 ‘Gender and Party Politics in Britain.’ With Joni Lovenduski. In Gender and Party Politics. Edited by Joni Lovenduski and Pippa Norris. Sage: London. pp. 35-59.

100) 1993 ‘Comparative Legislative Recruitment.’ Chapter 13. In Gender and Party Politics Ed. Joni Lovenduski and Pippa Norris. Sage: London. Pp.309-330.

101)1992 ‘Women's Under-representation in Congress: Is our Electoral System the Culprit?’ With Wilma Rule. In United States Electoral Systems: Their Impact on Women and Minorities: Volume II. Edited by Joseph Zimmerman and Wilma Rule. New York: Greenwood Press. pp. 41-54.

102)  1992 ‘The 1992 General Election: Conservative Hegemony or Labour Recovery?’ With Ivor Crewe and Robert Waller. In British Parties and Elections Yearbook 1992. Herts: Harvester Wheatsheaf/ Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.

103) 1992 ‘Race and Parliamentary Representation.’  With Andrew Geddes and Joni Lovenduski. In British Parties and Elections Yearbook 1992. Herts: Harvester Wheatsheaf/Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.

104)  1991 ‘The Political Position of Women in Elites.’  In The Sociology of Gender.  Edited by Laura Kramer. New York: St Martin's Press.

105)  1991 ‘Party Rules and Women's Representation: Reforming the Labour Party Selection Process.’ With Joni Lovenduski. In British Elections and Parties Yearbook, 1991. Herts: Harvester Wheatsheaf. pp. 189-206.

106) 1991 ‘In Defence of British Electoral Studies.’ With Ivor Crewe. In British Elections and Parties Yearbook, 1991. Herts: Harvester Wheatsheaf/ Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press.

107)   1991 ‘Electoral Systems and Women in Legislative Elites.’ In Political Leadership in Democratic Societies. Edited by Anthony Mughan and Samuel C. Patterson. Chicago: Nelson-Hall. pp. 136-144.

108)  1990 ‘Electoral Studies.’ In New Developments in Political Science:  An International Review  of  Past  Achievements and  Future  Prospects Edited by Adrian Leftwich. Edward Elgar/Gower: Aldershot. Pp.176-195.

109)1989 ‘Marginal Polls: Their Role & Record.’  In Political Communications: The General Election Campaign of 1987. Edited by Ivor Crewe & Martin Harrop. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge. Pp. 223-238.

110) 1988 ‘The Impact of Parties.’  In Women, Equality & Europe. Edited by Mary Buckley and Malcolm Anderson. London: Macmillan. pp.142-159.

111) 1987 ‘The Gender Gap: A Cross-cultural Trend?’ In Politics of the Gender Gap. Edited by Carol Mueller. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.

112)   1985 ‘Women's Legislative Participation in Western Europe’ In Women and Politics in Western Europe. Edited by Sylvia Bashevkin. London: Frank Cass. 



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