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Agrawala, Shardul, Kenneth Broad, and David H. Guston. 2001. "Integrating Climate Forecasts and Societal Decision Making: Challenges to an Emergent Boundary Organization." Science, Technology & Human Values 26(4): 454-477.

For more information about this publication, you may contact:

Kenneth Broad, International Research Institute (IRI) for Climate Prediction, Lamont Doherty Earth Observatory, Columbia University, 61 Route 9W, Palisades, NY 10964; email: kbroad "at"



The International Research Institute for Climate Prediction (IRI) was created in 1996 with an “end-to-end” mission to engage in climate research and modeling on a seasonal-to-interannual time scale and to provide the results of this research in a useful way to farmers, fishermen, public health officials, and others capable of making the best of the predicted climate conditions. As a boundary organization, IRI straddles the divides between the production and use of research and between the developed world and the developing world. This article describes the institutional history of IRI, examining how the end-to-end mission evolved over time, how it is becoming institutionalized in IRI as a boundary organization, and the ongoing challenges it presents to managing the boundary between climate variability research and societal applications.


Additional articles by GEA participants in this special issue on "Boundary Organizations in Environmental Policy and Science"

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