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The CSR Initiative Team

John RuggieJohn G. Ruggie is the Berthold Beitz Professor in Human Rights and International Affairs at the Harvard Kennedy School, Affiliated Professor in International Legal Studies at Harvard Law School, and Faculty Chair of the Corporate Social Responsibility Initiative. He also serves as the United Nations Secretary-General’s Special Representative for Business and Human Rights. Trained as a political scientist, Ruggie has made significant intellectual contributions to the study of international relations, focusing on the impact of globalization on global rule making. A Fellow of the American Academy of Arts & Sciences, he has received the International Studies Association’s “Distinguished Scholar” award, the American Political Science Association’s Hubert Humphrey award for “outstanding public service by a political scientist,” and a Guggenheim Fellowship. A recent survey published in Foreign Policy magazine identified him as one of the 25 most influential international relations scholars in the United States and Canada. Apart from his academic pursuits, Ruggie has long been involved in practical policy work, initially as a consultant to various agencies of the United Nations and the United States government. From 1997-2001 he was United Nations Assistant Secretary-General for Strategic Planning – a post created specifically for him by then Secretary-General Kofi Annan. His responsibilities included establishing and overseeing the UN Global Compact, now the world’s largest corporate citizenship initiative; proposing and gaining General Assembly approval for the Millennium Development Goals; advising Annan on relations with Washington; and broadly contributing to the effort at institutional renewal for which Annan and the United Nations as a whole were jointly awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 2001. Ruggie has been UN Special Representative for Business and Human Rights since 2005. His mandate is to propose measures that will strengthen the human rights performance of the business sector around the world. In 2008 the UN Human Rights Council was unanimous in welcoming a policy framework he proposed for that purpose and extending the mandate for a further three years, asking him to build on and promote the framework so as to provide concrete guidance for states, businesses, and other social actors. For this achievement, Ethical Corporation magazine, published in the UK, named Ruggie among its top 10 “Ethical Leaders” for 2008. The "Protect, Respect, and Remedy" framework that resulted from Ruggie's mandate was endorsed by the UN Human Rights Council on June 16, 2011.

Jane Nelson is Director of the Corporate Social Responsibility Initiative at Harvard Kennedy School, a nonresident senior fellow at the Brookings Institution, and a senior associate of the Programme for Sustainability Leadership at Cambridge University. She was a Director at the International Business Leaders Forum from 1993 to 2009, where she now serves as a senior advisor. In 2001, she worked with the United Nations Global Compact in the office of the UN Secretary-General preparing a report for the General Assembly on cooperation between the UN and the private sector. Prior to 1993, Nelson worked for the Business Council for Sustainable Development in Africa, for FUNDES in Latin America, and as a Vice President at Citibank working for the bank’s Financial Institutions Group in Asia, Europe and the Middle East. She has co-authored four books and over 70 publications on the role of business in society and five of the World Economic Forum's Global Corporate Citizenship reports. Nelson serves on the boards of Newmont Mining Corporation, FSG, the World Environment Center, the ImagineNations Group, and the Niger Delta Partnership Initiative, and on advisory committees for the Clinton Global Initiative, the Rockefeller Foundation's Bellagio Center, the Initiative for Global Development, Volans Social Ventures, Instituto Ethos in Brazil, UNDP’s Growing Inclusive Markets program, APCO’s International Advisory Council, ExxonMobil’s External Citizenship Advisory Panel, GE’s Citizenship Advisory Group, and Abbott’s Global Citizenship Advisory Council. She earned a BSc. degree in Agricultural Economics from the University of Natal in South Africa and an MA from Oxford University, and is a former Rhodes Scholar and recipient of the Keystone Center's 2005 Leadership in Education Award.

Jane was interviewed by HKS Insight in 2006. To view the video, you will need RealPlayer.

Marli Porth is Program Director of the Corporate Social Responsibility Initiative. Prior to her role at CSRI, Marli served as Administrative Director in the office of HKS Dean David T. Ellwood. Before coming to the Kennedy School in 2009, Marli was the Deputy to the Chief Operating Officer at the Peabody Essex Museum. She has also worked in management consulting in the public service practice of BearingPoint LLC, in technology research and consulting at Forrester Research, and for several Members of Congress. Marli has a BA magna cum laude in History from Emory University and an MPP from the Georgetown Public Policy Institute.

lorinLorin Fries is Research Associate with the Corporate Social Responsibility Initiative. She has seven years’ expertise in sustainable agricultural development, food and nutritional security, disaster risk reduction and rural economic development. Lorin began her career with the United States Agency for International Development’s Office of Food for Peace, backstopping emergency and development programs in a broad geographical portfolio. Thereafter she worked with Save the Children based in Uganda, managing a multi-million dollar food security program and designing countrywide strategy for agriculture, livelihoods and climate change adaptation. Lorin received a Masters in Public Policy from the Harvard Kennedy School in May 2012, including coursework at the Harvard Business School. Concurrent with her graduate work she completed short-term projects with Nestlé S.A, Oxfam America, the United Nations, Aliança da Terra, and multiple assignments at Harvard’s Law School, Business School, Kennedy School and the College. Lorin speaks French and Spanish and has deep experience in development contexts from several years living in rural Uganda and multiple short-term assignments in Brazil, India, Ethiopia, Haiti, Senegal and South Africa.

Research Fellows

Thurid Bahr

Thurid is developing and building a global forum for advancing company-community dialogue facilitation. Her previous efforts in the field of Business and Human Rights include assisting in developing and writing the publication "How to Do Business with Respect for Human Rights: A Guidance Tool for Companies," as well as conducting research at participating multinational corporations. In earlier functions, she developed and taught an undergraduate course in Negotiation, as well as a course in Multilateral Diplomacy and the United Nations at University College Maastricht and Radboud University Nijmegen, the Netherlands. Thurid is a graduate student in International Relations at Free University and Humboldt University in Berlin, Germany.

Rachel Davis

Rachel served for five years as Legal Advisor to Professor John Ruggie, the Special Representative of the UN Secretary-General on Business and Human Rights, helping develop the UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights. She is now the Managing Director of Shift, a new, nonprofit center on business and human rights practice, chaired by Professor Ruggie and staffed by a team that was centrally involved in shaping and writing the Guiding Principles. At the Corporate Social Responsibility Initiative, she leads a project on the costs of company-community conflict. Rachel previously served as a policy advisor to the UN Special Advisor on the ‘Responsibility to Protect’, and clerked at the UN International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia in the Hague and at the High Court of Australia.  She has a particular interest and expertise in issues related to indigenous peoples, having advised the Australian Federal Attorney-General’s Department in this field. Rachel is a graduate of Harvard Law School and the University of New South Wales in Sydney, where she also lectured in law. She has published on a range of legal topics, and is a regular speaker on issues related to business and human rights.

Lien Lien De Brouckere
Lien De Brouckere is a research fellow of the Initiative, leading applied research to support the development of a global forum dedicated to advancing company-community dialogue facilitation.  She has a particular interest in alternative dispute resolution and issues related to business and human rights.  Lien previously practiced law for more than three years at White & Case, splitting that time between advising on international commercial and investment arbitration in New York, and next advising on competition law in Hamburg and Brussels.  She maintained an active pro bono practice throughout, working mainly on issues in women's rights.  She has also interned with the international justice program at Human Rights Watch and worked in education with the YMCA in The Gambia.  Lien is a graduate of McGill University's Faculty of Law and Columbia University.   

Alex Denny

Alex Denny is a research fellow of the Initiative, focusing on how public-private partnerships can expand opportunity in developing countries. In particular, his research focuses on the evolving roles of bilateral donor agencies and strategies for engaging large corporations as lead actors. Alex is also the co-founder of Hub DC, a center for social innovation in Washington, DC that accelerates the development of social enterprises and connects them to local and global support networks. Previously, he supported research and policy analysis of U.S foreign assistance strategies at the Brookings Institution and the Center for Global Development, and interned with the executive office and social financial services teams at Ashoka. He is a graduate of Georgetown University.

Image of Christina GradlChristina Gradl

Christina Gradl is a research fellow of the Initiative. She is an expert on inclusive business, an approach where companies include people living in poverty into their value chains for mutual benefit. Christina is a founder and director of Endeva, an independent think tank working towards business solutions for development. She is also a strategic advisor to the UNDP Growing Inclusive Markets Initiative. Christina has co-authored numerous publications on inclusive business. With UNDP, she developed “Creating Value for All – Strategies for Doing Business with the Poor,” “The MDGs – Everyone’s Business” and “Business Solutions to Poverty - How Inclusive Business Models Create Opportunities for All in Emerging Europe and Asia”. Other publications include the “Inclusive Business Guide” and “Towards Triple Impact - Toolbox for Analysing Sustainable Ventures in Developing Countries,” commissioned by UNEP. Christina was the Kofi Annan Fellow on Global Governance 2006/07 and an associate with McKinsey & Company. She holds an MSc in Philosophy of Public Policy from London School of Economics and a Masters degree in International Business and Regional Studies from the University of Passau, Germany. She is currently completing a PhD in economics at the University of Halle-Wittenberg, Germany, on the business model concept.

Beth JenkinsBeth Jenkins

As a research fellow of the Initiative, Beth Jenkins focuses on the role of corporations in expanding economic opportunity in developing countries, particularly through inclusive or base-of-the-pyramid business models.  She is a consultant to IFC’s Corporate Advice Department and an advisor to UNDP’s Growing Inclusive Markets Initiative, and she blogs at  Before becoming a fellow, Beth directed the CSR Initiative’s Economic Opportunity Program, analyzing, documenting, and disseminating inclusive business activity together with partners such as the International Finance Corporation, United Nations Development Programme, World Business Council for Sustainable Development, and NGOs and companies around the world.  Earlier in her career, Beth was responsible for developing and disseminating risk management concepts and capabilities at Booz | Allen | Hamilton, with special emphasis on the strategic risks companies face as a result of social, environmental, and international development issues.  She also spent five years working on base-of-the-pyramid business models in the information & communications technology and housing sectors at the World Resources Institute and Ashoka. She is a graduate of Yale University and the Harvard Kennedy School.

Senior Fellows

Bruce Jenks, Senior Fellow

Bruce Jenks served as Assistant Secretary General at the United Nations Development Programme until 2010. For the last ten years, he was responsible for UNDP’s resource mobilization, and for relations with the Executive Board, donors, UN agency partners, the World Bank, OECD/DAC, the private sector and civil society. During this time, total income to UNDP amounted to $40 billion, increasing from $2.2 billion in 2000 to $5.5 billion in 2009. He led UNDP’s engagement in major UN reform initiatives, including the establishment of a new office of multi-donor trust funds entrusted with the management of UN system- wide resources with a portfolio in 2009 of $4 billion. His responsibilities also included communications.
Bruce served as member of the OECD/DAC Reflection Group charged with making recommendations on the future of the OECD/DAC. He had oversight of the Executive Secretariat to the Private Sector Commission launched by the Secretary General and co-chaired by Ernesto Zedillo and Paul Martin. He was co-chair of the Secretary General’s Task Force on strengthening relations with the European Union. He served as a chair of the UN system wide NGO Committee. He exercised overall coordination of UNDP’s mandate to provide system wide leadership on the Millennium Development Goals (2002-04). Prior to 2000 Bruce served as Director of Budget, Chief of Staff to the Administrator, Director of Strategic Planning and Deputy Assistant Administrator for Management. He led major change processes and the introduction of results based management in UNDP. The Secretary General appointed him as the first Director of the UN Office in Brussels. Bruce currently lectures at the Geneva Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies and at the Columbia University School of International and Public Affairs.  He is founder and Managing Partner of Odysseus and Associates. Bruce has a PhD from Oxford University, an MA from Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies and a BA from Cambridge University. He has been a guest speaker at universities and conferences in some 40 countries and has authored numerous articles and policy papers. He was awarded an OBE (UK) and the Order of the Rising Sun (Japan) in 2011.

Mark Kramer, Senior Fellow

Mark is the co-founder and managing director of FSG Social Impact Advisors and the author of influential publications on shared value, corporate social responsibility (CSR), catalytic philanthropy, strategic evaluation, impact investing and adaptive leadership. Mark oversees FSG’s consulting practice and helps drive the vision and growth of the firm. He has led consulting engagements across all of FSG’s impact areas, with particular emphasis on philanthropic strategy for private and community foundations, CSR, evaluation and impact investing. He also leads the research on many of FSG’s publications and publishes regularly in Harvard Business Review, Stanford Social Innovation Review, and is the co-author of the book Do More Than Give. He is a frequent speaker around the world on topics in catalytic philanthropy, collective impact, creating shared value for corporations, new approaches to evaluation and shared measurement, impact investing, social entrepreneurship and adaptive leadership. Before co-founding FSG, Mark served for 12 years as president of Kramer Capital Management, a venture capital firm, and before that as an associate at the law firm of Ropes & Gray in Boston, and as a law clerk to Judge Alvin B. Rubin, Fifth Circuit, U.S. Court of Appeals. After earning his B.A. (summa cum laude) and M.B.A. at Brandeis University and University of Pennsylvania, respectively, he went on to achieve his J.D. (magna cum laude) at the University of Pennsylvania Law School.

Caroline Rees, Senior Fellow

Caroline is the President of Shift, an independent, non-profit center for business and human rights practice.  Shift were established in July 2011 immediately after the UN Human Rights Council endorsed the Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights.  Caroline was centrally involved in shaping and writing the Guiding Principles with their author and CSRI Faculty Chair John Ruggie; as such, Shift works with governments, businesses and their stakeholders to help put the Guiding Principles into practice.  Caroline's main area of focus is the development of grievance and dispute management mechanisms to address the conflicts arising between companies and groups they impact in society. She is currently on leave from the British Foreign and Commonwealth Office, which she joined in 1992. While with the Foreign Office in London she worked variously on Iran, UN Security Council business and the East Timor crisis, and headed the London coordination team for the negotiations to enlarge the EU to central Europe.  She was posted to Slovakia following the split of Czechoslovakia, where she ran the UK’s transition aid program from 1994-1997.  From 2003 to 2006 she was posted at the UK’s Mission to the United Nations in Geneva, where she led the UK’s human rights negotiating team.  During that time she chaired the UN negotiations that led to the creation of the mandate of the UN SRSG on business and human rights, to which Professor Ruggie was subsequently appointed.   Caroline is a Trustee of the Institute for Human Rights and Business, a Board member of RESOLVE and a member of the Advisory Board of the Global Social Compliance Programme.  She has a BA Hons from Oxford University and an MA in Law and Diplomacy from The Fletcher School, Tufts University.

John Sherman, Senior Fellow

John is General Counsel, Secretary, and Senior Advisor to Shift, an independent non-profit center for business and human rights.  Shift is staffed by a team led by CSRI Faculty Chair John Ruggie that was centrally involved in shaping and writing the UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights; from 2008 through 2011, John was a member of Prof. Ruggie’s UN mandate team.  Drawing on his legal and business experience, John concentrated on developing the integration of human rights due diligence into existing corporate governance, enterprise risk management, compliance and ethics, safety and environmental management, and dispute resolution systems. John retired in 2008 as deputy general counsel of National Grid, with thirty years of experience in litigation, alternative dispute resolution, health, safety and environment law, antitrust, enterprise risk management, corporate governance, compliance and business ethics, and corporate social responsibility.  At National Grid, he represented the company at the Business Leaders Initiative on Human Rights (BLIHR), and was a member of the Executive Advisory Board of the International Institute of Conflict Prevention and Dispute Resolution.  John is a member of the UN Global Compact Human Rights Working Group, an Executive Fellow at the Center for Business Ethics at Bentley University, and was formerly co-chair of the Corporate Social Responsibility Committee of the International Bar Association (IBA), for which he achieved a certificate of outstanding achievement from the IBA. John is a graduate of Harvard Law School and Dartmouth College, and lives in Brookline, Massachusetts, USA.  He can be reached at

Senior Fellows: Alumni

David Grayson

David Grayson is Chair and Founding Director of the Doughty Centre for Corporate Responsibility at the Cranfield School of Management (UK). Grayson is a former Managing Director of Business in the Community, a UK-based organization working to improve the impact of business on society with over 750 corporate members employing some 12 million people in over 200 countries worldwide. He remains a part-time director focused on sustainability and small businesses, and chairs the UK's Small Business Consortium, which encourages responsible business practices among small and medium enterprises and has served on numerous other advisory bodies for business, government, and nonprofit organizations. The Financial Times has described him as, "one of the UK's most respected voices on business social responsibility." His books include: Corporate Social Opportunity - Seven Steps to make Corporate Social Responsibility work for your business and Everybody's Business - both with Adrian Hodges. He was co-founder and director of Project North East which has worked on enterprise and small business development in over 40 countries. Grayson was educated at the universities of Cambridge and Brussels and has held Visiting Fellowships with a number of business schools.

Anne Habiby

Anne Habiby co-founded AllWorld Network in 2007 to change the way the world does business. AllWorld's mission is to find and advance ALL the growth entrepreneurs of the emerging world by 2015. In 1996, Anne was one of the founders of the Initiative for a Competitive Inner City (ICIC), a non-profit launched by Harvard Business School professor Michael Porter to expand the job and business base of distressed urban areas.  From 1996 to mid 2005, Anne led the organization as its Co-Executive Director, and collaborating closely with Michael Porter, pioneered strategies to advance the economic potential of inner cities. While a visiting scholar at the Illinois Institute of Technology she developed an MBA course entitled  “Strategic Competitiveness in the Next Economy.” Anne has published numerous articles, including two Harvard Business School cases co-authored with Michael Porter.  Her most recent article "The High-Intensity Entrepreneur" appeared in the September 2010 issue of the Harvard Business Review.  An advisor to a number of government and corporate leaders, Anne is regularly quoted by the media. Prior to her work at ICIC, Anne was an investment banker in the Public Finance Department of Morgan Stanley & Co. specializing in finance for hospitals and universities.  She holds degrees in economics from Barnard College of Columbia University, and the University of Cambridge.

Robert E. Kiernan III, Senior Fellow

Robert is the Chief Executive Officer of Advanced Portfolio Management LLC (APM), an investment management company based in New York City. His research at the center focuses on applying Becker's theory of "non-pecuniary motivation" to the market prices of securities and assessing the implications for socially responsible investing (SRI). Before forming APM, he spent eighteen years in the capital markets, based in New York and London with Salomon Brothers and Lehman Brothers, during which he was responsible for building, managing, and leading several global fixed income and investment banking businesses. In the public sector, he held foreign policy positions in the first Reagan administration at USIA, the National Security Council, and the Department of State, including serving as a member of the US delegation to the 40th Session of the United Nations Human Rights Commission. He received an AB and AM from Boston College, an MBA from the University of Chicago, and studied at the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy. He is currently a member of the Board of Directors of Educate Girls Globally, the Research Foundation Review Board of the CFA Institute, the Liquidity Risk Committee of the International Association of Financial Engineers, and the Council on Foreign Relations.

Salil Tripathi

Salil Tripathi is a writer based in London who focuses on economic, political and cultural issues. Over the last 18 years, he has published nearly 1,000 articles in publications in Asia, Europe and America. Salil began his career as a journalist in Bombay, with the Indian Post and then India Today. Among the assignments he covered for India Today were the build-up to the Gulf War of 1991. He also wrote about the Indian ban on The Satanic Verses and its violent aftermath, and the rise in communal tensions during the build-up of the Babri Masjid controversy in India. The story on the Rushdie controversy won the first prize at the Asian Magazine Journalism Awards in 1989. Salil later moved to Singapore, where he was a correspondent at Business Times. He was Southeast Asia correspondent at Asia, Inc., where he pioneered the annual ranking of Asian business schools, and reported extensively from Asian states, and East Asia. His 1994 story on Ageing in Asia was one of the winners of the Citibank Pan-Asia Journalism Awards for economic reporting. Salil later moved to the Far Eastern Economic Review, as its regional economics correspondent, covering the Asian economic crisis, including the collapse of Indonesian economy and the fall of Suharto.   Since moving to London, he has been writing frequently for the Asian Wall Street Journal, Wall Street Journal Europe, The New Statesman, and Index on Censorship. His articles have also appeared in The Guardian, The Times, The Literary Review, Asiaweek, Shinchosa, The Canadian Forum, Tank, and Asian Business. He has recently begun a column for Little India on issues affecting the Indian Diaspora. In India, he has written for the Times of India, the Indian Express, the Telegraph, Tehelka, Verve, The Sunday Observer, Sunday, Celebrity, Society, Ovation, the Economic Scene, and Mid-Day. Salil has also appeared frequently on television and radio, and has presented papers at the Royal Institute of International Affairs (Chatham House -- London), the International University of Japan, Hong Kong University, the National University of Singapore, the University of Bombay, Oxford University, Humbolt University (Berlin), Warwick University (Britain) and Murdoch University (Australia). Salil studied at the New Era School and Sydenham College in Bombay, and later graduated with a Masters degree in Business Administration from Dartmouth College in Hanover, NH, United States. At university in India, Salil was a Dorab Tata Scholar. He was also awarded the S. Khan Trophy for Outstanding Contribution to Extracurricular Activities, and the College Award for Proficiency and Character. He went to Dartmouth in 1983 on a Rotary Foundation Scholarship, and worked at the United Nations Development Programme office in Geneva in 1985 on a John Sloan Dickey Endowment Fellowship.

Holly Wise

Through her consultancy practice, Wise Solutions LLC, Holly brings international development, corporate social responsibility, public-private alliance, and business development expertise to corporations, foundations and non-profits.  She serves as a senior fellow at Harvard’s Kennedy School of Government, teaches enterprise development at Georgetown University School of Foreign Service, and sits on the boards of WRAP, GlobalGiving and LivingGoods.  Ms. Wise is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations. Holly Wise spent 26 years in the foreign service with the US Agency for International Development (USAID), achieving the diplomatic rank of Minister Counselor.  She is the founder and first Secretariat Director of the Global Development Alliance, USAID’s business model that forges strategic alliances between public and private partners in addressing international development issues.  Under her leadership 300 alliances were formed with $1.1 billion in USAID funding leveraging $3.8 billion in private resources for the world’s poor.  In addition to overseas tours in Uganda, Kenya, Barbados, the Philippines and China, Ms. Wise served as USAID chair at the National Defense University where she taught political science, environmental courses, and published research on China. Ms. Wise is a Phi Beta Kappa graduate of Connecticut College and holds advanced degrees from Yale University and the National Defense University.      

Simon Zadek

Dr. Simon Zadek is the founder of AccountAbility, the leading organization internationally advancing accountability innovations that support sustainable development. Simon has also served as "‘Professor Extraordinaire" at the University of South Africa’s Centre for Corporate Citizenship. He sits on the International Advisory Board of Instituto Ethos as well as the Advisory Board of Generation Investment Management. He is a Member of the Clinton-Dalberg Task Force program effectiveness in leveraging private enterprise for development. In 2003, he was named one of the World Economic Forum’s "Global Leaders for Tomorrow." Simon’s previous roles include Visiting Professor at the Copenhagen Business School, the Development Director of the New Economics Foundation, and founding Chair of the Ethical Trading Initiative. He has served on numerous Boards and Advisory Councils, including the State of the World’s Commission for Globalisation, the ILO’s World Commission on the Social Dimensions of Globalisation, the UN Commission for Social Development Expert Group on CSR, and the founding Steering Committee of the Global Reporting Initiative. He has authored, co-authored, and co-edited numerous publications, including more recently Responsible Lobbying (2005), and two Harvard Working Papers on the role of multi-stakeholder partnerships in development and governance, Governing Partnership Governance (2006) and The Logic of Collaborative Governance (2005). He has written extensively on the impact of corporate responsibility on the competitiveness of nations Responsible Competitiveness (2005). His Ph.D. thesis was published as The Economics of Utopia (1994), and his writings as the anthology Tomorrow’s History (2004).  His book, The Civil Corporation: the New Economy of Corporate Citizenship (2001), has become a classic in the field and was awarded the Best Book Social Issues Award by the Academy of Management in 2006.

Faculty Steering Group

John G. Ruggie, Chair; Berthold Beitz Professor in Human Rights and International Affairs and Faculty Director, CSRI

David Gergen, Public Service Professor of Public Leadership; Director, Center for Public Leadership

Alex S. Jones, Laurence M. Lombard Lecturer in the Press and Public Policy; Director, Joan Shorenstein Center on the Press, Politics and Public Policy

Mark H. Moore, Hauser Professor of Nonprofit Organizations; Faculty Chair of the Hauser Center for Nonprofit Organizations